CLAUDETTE – “automated CLAUse DETectEr” – is an interdisciplinary research project hosted at the Law Department of the European University Institute, led by professors Giovanni Sartor and Hans-W. Micklitz, in cooperation with engineers from University of Bologna and University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.

The research objective is to test to what extent is it possible to automate reading and legal assessment of online consumer contracts and privacy policies, to evaluate their compliance with EU’s unfair contractual terms law and personal data protection law (GDPR), using machine learning and grammar-based approaches.

The idea arose out of bewilderment. Having read dozens of terms of service and of privacy policies of online platforms, we came to conclusion that despite substantive law in place, and despite enforcers’ competence for abstract control, providers of online services still tend to use unfair and unlawful clauses in these documents. Hence, the idea to automate parts of enforcement process by delegating certain tasks to machines. On one hand, we believe that relying on automation can increase quality and effectiveness of legal work of enforcers. On the other, we want to empower consumers themselves, by giving them tools to quickly assess whether what they agree to online is fair and/or lawful.

The Team

Hans-W. Micklitz Principal Investigator, Professor of Economic Law, EUI

Giovanni Sartor Principal Investigator, Professor of Legal Informatics and Legal Theory, EUI

Giuseppe Contissa Adjunct Professor of Legal Informatics, University of Bologna

Kasper Drazewski Research Associate at the EUI, exploring the areas of law & software innovation and use of AI in data protection

Francesca Lagioia Max Weber Postdoctoral Fellow, EUI

Ruta Lepina PhD Researcher in Law, EUI

Marco Lippi Associate Professor at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, expert in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing home page

Przemysław Pałka Until July 2018 Research Associate, EUI. Currently a Fellow in Private Law, Yale Law School. Consumer law and personal data protection law expert, home page

Paolo Torroni Associate Professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering of the University of Bologna. His main research focus is in artificial intelligence, and in particular argumentation mining, multi-agent systems, and computational logics, where he contributed within several national and international research projects. home page

If you would like to contact us, please write to francesca.lagioia [at] eui.eu or przemyslaw.palka [at] yale.edu